What is a Learning Disorder?

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  • NYC (New York City)
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  • Bronx
  • Long Island including the Hamptons
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  • Connecticut
  • and remote to any location!

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A learning disorder is a neurodevelopmental condition wherein an individual demonstrates significant learning issues when compared to peers. Due to this, students have difficulty with reading, writing, math, and learning new concepts. Students with learning disorders struggle in school and at home. Learning disorders do not only include difficulties related to academic skills. These children experience social difficulties as well. Many factors lead to these learning disorders, and it varies from child to child. Some children find it difficult understanding words, while others find it difficult reading and writing text, and others have difficulty with math. 

 

Experts suggest that learning disorders refer to central nervous system impairments. Improper growth and development of the brain may lead to poor learning. Certain parts of the brain are responsible for understanding new information. Immature brain functioning can be the underlying cause of these learning issues. Chemicals communicating to one another in the brain may also not be operating efficiently.  All these neurological factors can contribute to a learning disorder.

 

What Causes a Learning Disorder?

A learning disorder is also known as a “learning disability.” The following are risk factors for learning disorders: 

 

  • Family history and genetics – Often, learning problems tend to run in families. So, genetic factors play an important role in brain development. 

 

  • Environmental factors Studies have shown that high levels of toxins, such as lead, can increase the risk of developing a learning disorder.

 

  • Physical injuries – Any serious damage to the head leading to brain damage may cause central nervous system impairments, leading to learning disorders.

 

  • Psychological abuse – Early childhood is a critical developmental phase for learning. Trauma during this phase may result in learning disorders.

 

  • Risk during pregnancy – Exposure to drugs or alcohol can cause neurological damage to a baby.  Premature birth also can be a risk for newborns.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of a Learning Disorder?

Symptoms of learning disorder vary from child to child. The most common of them are:

 

  • Trouble in learning colors, shapes, days of the week, alphabets
  • A problem in learning basic mathematical skills
  • Inconvenience in following instructions given to them
  • Poor organizational skills
  • Struggles with reading, writing, and pronouncing
  • Issues in understanding the concept of time
  • Difficulty with learning how to tie shoes, zippers, buttons, etc.
  • Trouble in making the connection between alphabets and their sounds
  • Lack of coordination while doing homework, sports, or walking
  • A problem in recognition of words

How Is a Learning Disorder Diagnosed?

Diagnosis of a learning disorder is not an easy task. Seek professional help if you see your child struggling. A professional conducts tests to diagnose the disorder, which evaluates IQ, learning, participation, language, communication, and speech. They also notice symptoms, behavioral patterns, and check the academic performance of students. Based on test results, professionals determine the need for treatment.

 

  • Psychological evaluation Children suffering from learning disorders usually have anxiety and depression. Their self-esteem and motivation level drop. These behaviors help to identify if the child is suffering from a learning disorder.

 

  • Medical testing – In this type of evaluation, medical specialists check medical history.  Sometimes, loss of coordination in the nervous system may be the cause.  Specialists conduct physical examinations to check for any abnormality.

 

  • Academic evaluation – School teachers play a role in observing reading and writing skills. They check the classroom behavior and performance of children. They assess spellings, recognition patterns, understanding of concepts, etc. 

How Are Children with a Learning Disorder Treated?

Schools, parents, and psychologists play a primary role in treatment. Language specialists also provide their services. The treatment strategies include:

 

  • Extra help A tutor or learning specialist helps to improve academic skills. They enhance mathematical and study skills. They devise techniques that help children in improving their reading and writing skills.

 

  • Language and speech therapy – Therapy for children who suffer from lack of communication proves helpful.  A speech-language therapist helps in enhancing language skills.

 

  • Use of medications – Sometimes, the disorder may become severe. In this case, medication serves the purpose. Prescription for anxiety and depression management help in this case. Medicines for improvement in concentration are also available. But, medication is the last treatment option.

 

If you start noticing that your child is struggling or exhibits some of the symptoms of a learning disorder, it’s best to take a more proactive approach instead of waiting for things to improve on their own. Consult a specialist as early as possible. An early diagnosis can lessen the chances of a worst-case scenario. Encourage your child during their treatment and therapy. This will help them regain the lost confidence. Focus on their strengths and help them in improving their skills. The treatment is a slow process but essential to improve the quality of your child’s life. 

Subjects We Provide Personalized One-On-One Remote and In-home Tutors for:

 

At Themba Tutors, we provide children and individuals of all ages with the right help and support to help manage their learning disorders. Our highly qualified tutors and learning specialists offer private, one-on-one, online or in-home tutoring services for students in all levels. These include:

 

learning disorder, Themba Tutors

At Themba Tutors, we will let you know what kind of help you need once we set up a free intake. Knowing the student’s strengths and weaknesses is vital for helping the student with the challenges they’re facing. We offer services that include academic coaching and tutoring based on the student’s needs. We also offer a hybrid model for those students who need help with content and improving their underlying study skills. 

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