Learning disabilities comprise various forms of neurological disorders that affect the processing of information. There are multiple symptoms and signs that differ from one disorder to another, and usually affect learning writing, math, and reading. An individual may also have difficulty with time planning, attention, abstract reasoning, organization, and short and long-term memory.

Tutoring and Learning Disabilities, Themba Tutors

Learning disabilities can be diagnosed at any point along a student's academic path, from kindergarten to college and beyond. They can impact relationships with family, friends, and colleagues.

Learning disabilities are often called hidden disabilities because those affected are usually of average or above average intelligence, and appear to be intellectually normal despite their inability to keep pace with their age mates.

Various types of learning disabilities

Learning disabilities are neurological and include

Learning Disabilities, Themba Tutors

Dyslexia is characterized by difficulty in decoding and spelling. Although there are differences in severity, symptoms usually include problems with decoding, spelling, reading fluency, and writing. Many students with dyslexia have difficulty sustaining attention while reading, and can exhibit problems with expressive language skills.

Learning Disabilities, Themba Tutors

This is the formal name for difficulties in learning and understanding math and numerical facts (informally known as math learning disability). Individuals have severe difficulties understanding arithmetical calculations, sequencing information, concepts of place value, quantity, number lines, positive and negative value, carrying and borrowing, and word problems.

Learning Disabilities, Themba Tutors
Nonverbal learning disability

The ability to understand non-verbal cues such as body language is important for social as well as academic reasons. Students with nonverbal learning disability–sometimes accompanied by poor coordination–tend to be relatively strong in understanding auditory/receptive language, but can have problems processing visual symbols, including letters and numbers. When such processing isn't automatic, reading, writing, and mathematical learning become far more challenging.

Learning Disabilities, Themba Tutors
Language-based learning disabilities (also referred to as a language disorder).

Language is first mastered orally/expressively and auditorily. Literacy is learned and developed once oral/expressive and receptive/auditory language are mastered. Language-based learning issues can be traced back to foundational cracks in either the individual s expressive, receptive, reading, and/or written development, and almost always manifest themselves through uneven literacy development.

Learning Disabilities, Themba Tutors
Auditory processing disorder

When an individual, eight years or older, is unable to distinguish sounds or words from background noise, auditory processing disorder is a likely diagnosis. However, an examination by an audiologist, along with a neuropsychological and speech-language evaluation must be performed to rule in or out attentional difficulties and/or language disorder (sometimes referred to as language processing disorder ).

Learning Disabilities, Themba Tutors

Dysgraphia impairs fine motor skills and the ability to write as well as one s peers. Symptoms include illegible handwriting, poor spelling, inconsistent spatial planning on paper, and difficulty thinking and writing simultaneously. Students with dysgraphia need more time, and use more mental energy, when producing written work.

Tutoring and Learning Disabilities

Learning disabilities are lifelong problems that are best managed through the collective efforts of the child, parents, teachers, family, friends, and colleagues. These disorders demand timely support and interventions customized to the individual. As her or she ages, and their learning environment changes, this dynamic process must be well understood by everyone involved.

Working Together: Computers and People with Learning Disabilities

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Learning Disability (Medical Symptom)

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Learning Disabilities Awareness: The #1 Powerful Way to Help! Part 1

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Learning Disabilities Awareness: The #1 Powerful Way to Help! Part 2

Our learning specialists, academic tutors, and writing coaches provide 1:1, individualized tutoring for children, adolescents, college students and adults of all ages, levels, and personalities. Our goal is to help students and adults feel more confident and become more effective learners and workers overall. We aim for students to maximize their learning potential from a collaborative approach working with parents, teachers, and other professionals.


  • We specialize in tutoring students who are struggling with learning differences – focusing, organizing, studying, test-taking reading, writing, math, languages, and other subject areas. We are experts in ADHD/ADD, executive functioning, language processing, reading (e.g. dyslexia), writing, (e.g. dysgraphia), and math disorders (e.g. dyscalculia), autism spectrum disorders, non-verbal learning disorder, and other learning differences. Our Learning Specialists work with homeschoolers and offer online tutoring options.


  • We also tutor high school and college students, and adults without learning difficulties but in need of science, math, writing, and foreign language support. Our Academic Tutors support Algebra I/II, Geometry. Trigonometry, Calculus, Statistics, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Computer Programming, and many foreign languages. Our Writing Coaches support writing within English Language Arts and across the high school and college curriculum.


  • Each of Themba’s expert tutors has an advanced degree in working with learning differences or an academic field of expertise. All tutors have years of teaching and tutoring in private and public schools or universities.


  • We customize curricula, starting with careful assessments, then applying developmentally appropriate methods and strategies. The student's current academic material is an important focus, but strengthening core skills is crucial because that will last a lifetime. We coach students to learn how to organize, plan, prioritize, focus, avoid distraction, and keep track of materials and tasks.


  • Goals include improving memory and information retention, spending more focused time on tasks and completing them, decreasing procrastination, organizing schoolwork, managing time more effectively, and learning to think carefully before acting. Specialists model and support the application of skills in the appropriate context. They put the student in the driver s seat to best generalize these skills without holding the steering wheel.


Themba’s expert tutors travel to your home or school in New York City, Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, Staten Island, Long Island (Nassau County), Westchester and Connecticut (Fairfield County).

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