Writing Disorders/Dysgraphia

Writing Disorders

As the name indicates, writing disorders impair the ability to write correctly and legibly. Dysgraphia is the formal name for writing disorder. An individual with writing disorders will experience challenges writing age-appropriate material on paper.

Writing Disorders or Dysgraphia, Themba Tutors

As with many learning disabilities, dysgraphia may manifest alone or alongside other disorders. It is worth noting that there is a difference between writing disorders and poor handwriting.


The common symptoms of dysgraphia are:

  • Illegible handwriting
  • Avoiding tasks that involve fine motor skills such as drawing or writing
  • Awkward handling of pencil and positioning of the body when writing
  • Frequent omission of words when writing
  • Significantly impaired abilities to demonstrate an understanding of ideas in writing when compared to expressive language
  • Irregular spacing between letters and words
  • Challenges forming pre-visualized letters
  • Problems with writing and thinking simultaneously
  • Getting tired, when writing quickly
  • Challenges with grammar and syntax structure
  • Difficulties with spatial planning on paper

Writing disorders are life-long disabilities, but symptoms can certainly be managed on an individual basis. Sometimes symptoms change with age. Treatment should be modified to suit these changes.

Occupational therapists can help the child with the physical act of writing by strengthening fine motor coordination and hand strength.

  • Pencil grips and similar tools and writing exercises can be utilized
  • Use of graph and wide-rule papers can help
  • Other tools: keywords, outlines, and rubrics
  • Teaching the stages of writing, e.g. planning, writing, editing.
  • Teaching grammar
  • Using metacognitive strategies such as self-monitoring and self-regulation
  • Using oral, not written exams

Our learning specialists, academic tutors, and writing coaches provide 1:1, individualized tutoring for children, adolescents, college students and adults of all ages, levels, and personalities.  Our goal is to help students and adults feel more confident and become more effective learners and workers overall. We aim for students to maximize their learning potential from a collaborative approach working with parents, teachers, and other professionals.


  • We specialize in tutoring students who are struggling with learning differences – focusing, organizing, studying, test-taking reading, writing, math, languages, and other subject areas.  We are experts in ADHD/ADD, executive functioning, language processing, reading (e.g. dyslexia), writing, (e.g. dysgraphia), and math disorders (e.g. dyscalculia), autism spectrum disorders, non-verbal learning disorder, and other learning differences.  Our Learning Specialists work with homeschoolers and offer online tutoring options.


  • We also tutor high school and college students, and adults without learning difficulties but in need of science, math, writing, and foreign language support. Our Academic Tutors support Algebra I/II, Geometry. Trigonometry, Calculus, Statistics, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Computer Programming, and many foreign languages. Our Writing Coaches support writing within English Language Arts and across the high school and college curriculum.


  • Each of Themba’s expert tutors has an advanced degree in working with learning differences or an academic field of expertise. All tutors have years of teaching and tutoring in private and public schools or universities.


  • We customize curricula, starting with careful assessments, then applying developmentally appropriate methods and strategies. The student’s current academic material is an important focus, but strengthening core skills is crucial because that will last a lifetime. We coach students to learn how to organize, plan, prioritize, focus, avoid distraction, and keep track of materials and tasks.


  • Goals include improving memory and information retention, spending more focused time on tasks and completing them, decreasing procrastination, organizing schoolwork, managing time more effectively, and learning to think carefully before acting.  Specialists model and support the application of skills in the appropriate context. They put the student in the driver’s seat to best generalize these skills without holding the steering wheel.


Themba’s expert tutors travel to your home or school in New York City, Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, Staten Island, Long Island (Nassau County),  Westchester and Connecticut (Fairfield County).

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