What Part of the Brain is Responsible for Executive Functioning?

πŸ‘‰πŸ˜ŠWhat Part of the Brain is Responsible for Executive Functioning?πŸ˜ŠπŸ‘ˆ

What Part Of The Brain Is Responsible For Executive Functioning?

What Part Of The Brain Is Responsible For Executive Functioning

The human brain has always been fascinating to study and explore, since there are still many things we don’t know about it. Executive functions are some of the most impressive operations performed by our brain, and they really stand out when it comes to their importance in our life.Β 

Simply put, these are brain operations controlling and also facilitating behavior and skill execution. This allows us to fulfill pre-determined tasks like time management, self-control or monitoring, planning, adaptable thinking, organization and many others. In general, executive functioning is activated whenever we encounter situations where we have to take action, correct errors, establish plans and get past various impulses.

Which part of the brain controls executive functioning?

 

These executive functions are mostly controlled by the frontal lobe, primarily the prefrontal regions like the prefrontal cortex. These are connected with the brainstem, subcortical and cortical regions. One thing to keep in mind is that even if you have a prefrontal injury, this won’t affect linguistic or cognitive processes. Instead it affects connections between it and the other brain regions.Β 

The prefrontal cortex is covering the beginning part of the frontal lobe. This is the brain region that’s focused on planning behaviors, moderating our social behavior, but also expressing our personality and taking decisions. It’s what we use to manage our actions and thoughts according to our goals. Unlike other brain parts, this is where we have support for concrete rule learning. Anterior regions are supporting rule learning with abstraction.

What should you know about the prefrontal cortex?

Frontal Cortex | Laura Dahl | Flickr

The thing to keep in mind about the frontal lobe and prefrontal cortex in particular is that if you have less interconnections with other brain regions, that leads to various mental disorders. These are encountered in the case of criminals, cannabis users, people subject to constant stressors, criminals and so on.Β 

Moreover, the way we are interpreting reality is dependent on how our prefrontal cortex functions. Also, the connection number and prefrontal cortex size is related to sentience. Not only that, but both the right and left halves of the prefrontal cortex are interconnected if you have consistent aerobics exercises. If you perform mindfulness activities, these are known to boost prefrontal activation. This is connected to less anxiety and better wellbeing.

When you have a damaged prefrontal cortex, you can encounter a blunted emotional response. That makes a person prone to choosing the wrong decisions. That being said, the role of the prefrontal cortex is to help you focus your attention, think about the consequences of your actions, managing emotional reactions and impulses, but also planning your future and adjusting complex behaviors.Β 

Conclusion

The prefrontal cortex is split into 3 parts. The medial part is focused on motivation and attention. The orbital part controls impulses, while allowing you to control distractions. On top of that, the lateral part makes it easy to establish and then execute plans. It’s extremely important to understand the role of the frontal lobe when it comes to executive functioning and how crucial these functions are in our life. Once we have a good grasp of how important the prefrontal cortex is, we will know how important it is to take great care of it and ensure it’s working properly.

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Craig Selinger, CEO of Themba Tutors (serving Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, Staten Island, Bronx, Westchester, Long Island, New Jersey, and Connecticut), is a NY State licensed speech-language pathologist, executive functioning coach, and learning specialist with over 18 years of experience working professionally with over a thousand families. His expertise includes language-based learning issues, e.g. reading, writing, speaking, and listening, executive functioning, ADHD/ADD, and learning disabilities. Check out his interviews with top-notch professionals in the field on Spotify.
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