The ability to read fluently and effectively is crucial. Reading disorders are characterized by challenges in a number of aspects of reading, including decoding, fluency, and comprehension. Those with reading disorders may also have problems with writing and spelling, since they often go hand-in-hand. Reading disorders affect as many as 80% of all children with learning disabilities.
Sometimes referred to as dyslexia, reading disorders affect the way language is processed in the brain. These disorders are not correlated with intelligence; indeed, some individuals with dyslexia have what’s now known as the “dyslexic advantage.” For example, difficulty with reading may co-exist, or even have a causal relationship, with enhanced spatial and reasoning skills. Proper management can help individuals with dyslexia learn accurately and efficiently, and progress to a successful career.
Reading disorders show different signs and symptoms at various stages of life.
Preschoolers may have difficulty:
Grade school students may have challenges with:
Older students may have difficulty reaching higher levels of literacy.
From the Mayo Clinic
Reading disorders cannot yet be “cured;” they are life-long disabilities.
Management requires help from parents, therapists, teachers, peers, and siblings.
Ways to tutor those with reading disabilities include: