Reading Disorders

The ability to read fluently and effectively is crucial. Reading disorders are characterized by challenges in a number of aspects of reading, including decoding, fluency, and comprehension. Those with reading disorders may also have problems with writing and spelling, since they often go hand-in-hand. Reading disorders affect as many as 80% of all children with learning disabilities.

Sometimes referred to as dyslexia, reading disorders affect the way language is processed in the brain. These disorders are not correlated with intelligence; indeed, some individuals with dyslexia have what’s now known as the “dyslexic advantage.” For example, difficulty with reading may co-exist, or even have a causal relationship, with enhanced spatial and reasoning skills. Proper management can help individuals with dyslexia learn accurately and efficiently, and progress to a successful career.


Reading disorders show different signs and symptoms at various stages of life.


Preschoolers may have difficulty:

  • Recognizing rhyming words
  • Identifying letters
  • Matching letters to corresponding sounds

School-Aged Students

may have challenges with:

  • Combining various sounds to create a word
  • Word problems in math
  • Identifying common sight words
  • Spelling previously learned words

  • Difficulty reading, including reading aloud
  • Slow and labor-intensive reading and writing
  • Problems spelling
  • Avoiding activities that involve reading
  • Mispronouncing names or words, or problems retrieving words from memory
  • Trouble understanding jokes or expressions that have a meaning not understood because of specific words (idioms, for example: "piece of cake" meaning "easy")
  • Difficulty completing tasks that involve reading or writing
  • Challenges with summarizing
  • Trouble learning a foreign language
  • Difficulty memorizing
  • Problems with math problems

Reading disorders cannot yet be “cured;” they are life-long disabilities.
Management requires help from parents, therapists, teachers, peers, and siblings.

Ways to tutor those with reading disabilities include:

  • A multisensory, systematic, structured language literacy approach
  • When appropriate, explicitly teaching phonics, morphology, syntax, and vocabulary
  • More time allotted to complete literacy tasks.
  • Listening to books on audio
  • Structured academic modifications to suit the needs of the student

Our learning specialists, academic tutors, and writing coaches provide 1:1, individualized tutoring for children, adolescents, college students and adults of all ages, levels, and personalities.  Our goal is to help students and adults feel more confident and become more effective learners and workers overall. We aim for students to maximize their learning potential from a collaborative approach working with parents, teachers, and other professionals.


  • We specialize in tutoring students who are struggling with learning differences – focusing, organizing, studying, test-taking reading, writing, math, languages, and other subject areas.  We are experts in ADHD/ADD, executive functioning, language processing, reading (e.g. dyslexia), writing, (e.g. dysgraphia), and math disorders (e.g. dyscalculia), autism spectrum disorders, non-verbal learning disorder, and other learning differences.  Our Learning Specialists work with homeschoolers and offer online tutoring options.


  • We also tutor high school and college students, and adults without learning difficulties but in need of science, math, writing, and foreign language support. Our Academic Tutors support Algebra I/II, Geometry. Trigonometry, Calculus, Statistics, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Computer Programming, and many foreign languages. Our Writing Coaches support writing within English Language Arts and across the high school and college curriculum.


  • Each of Themba’s expert tutors has an advanced degree in working with learning differences or an academic field of expertise. All tutors have years of teaching and tutoring in private and public schools or universities.


  • We customize curricula, starting with careful assessments, then applying developmentally appropriate methods and strategies. The student’s current academic material is an important focus, but strengthening core skills is crucial because that will last a lifetime. We coach students to learn how to organize, plan, prioritize, focus, avoid distraction, and keep track of materials and tasks.


  • Goals include improving memory and information retention, spending more focused time on tasks and completing them, decreasing procrastination, organizing schoolwork, managing time more effectively, and learning to think carefully before acting.  Specialists model and support the application of skills in the appropriate context. They put the student in the driver’s seat to best generalize these skills without holding the steering wheel.


Themba’s expert tutors travel to your home or school in New York City, Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, Staten Island, Long Island (Nassau County),  Westchester and Connecticut (Fairfield County).

Want to know more? Give Themba Tutors LLC a call!

If you would like to learn more about getting extra support in for your child, then we would love to hear from you. Our friendly team is on standby to help you with any needs and answer any questions you might have. We can be reached at 

(917) 382-8641 & 

(we respond to email right away!).