## Math (K-12)

Math is one of the most important skills a child must learn in school–everyday counting, timing, and numerical concepts. The complexity of match concepts increases as the child progresses, so a strong foundation in fundamentals is essential. Children are best-served when they start building their mathematical knowledge from their first day of school.

The fundamental concepts of math include numbers, measurement, patterns, time, geometry, algebra, money, and data analysis. Regardless of their complexities, all math concepts involve four key elements.

Addition starts with counting fingers, candies, toys and other items. Problems become more complex as a child progresses, but mastering simple problems (1 + 2=3) is key before the child moves on to more complex challenges. Addition forms the basis of other key elements of math.

##### Subtraction

After learning addition, the child moves on to subtraction. In learning terms, subtraction is about determining the difference between two symbols. As with addition, subtraction begins with simple problems (2–1=1). Mastering the foundations is key to moving on to more complex problems.

##### Multiplication

Multiplication involves determining the product of two numbers. Students are taught to memorize multiplication charts, knowledge that remains valuable throughout their live,s and is also crucial to solving more complex math problems.

##### Division

Division is the fourth foundational element. In a sense, it is the opposite of multiplication: Dividing one number by another to get a third – the quotient. As with other foundational skills, students start with small numbers, and gradually progress to greater complexity.