DYSGRAPHIA AND WRITING

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DYSGRAPHIA

What Is Dysgraphia?

 

Dysgraphia may be a brain-based learning disorder that affects writing. As with all learning disorders, dysgraphia is common among individuals with ADHD. Dysgraphia may be a nervous disorder of written expression that impairs writing ability and fine motor skills. It is a learning disability that affects children and adults and interferes with practically all aspects of the writing process, including spelling, legibility, word spacing and sizing, and expression.

 

It’s estimated that 5 to 20 percent of all children have some type of writing deficit like dysgraphia. Dysgraphia and other learning disorders, like dyslexia and dyscalculia, are common in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD or ADD). Up to half of the children with ADHD in the U.S. have a learning disorder.

 

WHAT IS DYSGRAPHIA?

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Writing Disorders/Dysgraphia, Themba Tutors

Dysgraphia Symptoms

 

Dysgraphia is usually identified as a toddler learns to write down. However, a disorder of written expression may remain unrecognized through the first school years as a child’s writing ability continues to develop; dysgraphia may remain undiagnosed until adulthood.

 

Symptoms of dysgraphia include:

 

  • Trouble forming letters shapes
  • They may have a tight, awkward, or painful grip on a pencil
  • They may have difficulty following a line or staying within margins
  • Trouble with sentence structure which includes following rules of grammar when writing, but not when speaking
  • Difficulty organizing or articulating thoughts on paper
  • Pronounced difference between spoken and written understanding of a subject

 

Dysgraphia symptoms typically change over time. Individuals with dysgraphia generally have trouble with the mechanics of writing and exhibit other fine-motor impairments, while dysgraphia in adolescents and adults manifests as difficulties with grammar, syntax, comprehension, and generally putting thoughts on paper.

What Causes Dysgraphia?

Dysgraphia is commonly thought of in the following ways.

 

 

Acquired dysgraphia

 

Is related to brain injury, disease, or degenerative conditions that cause the individual (typically as an adult) to lose previously acquired skills in writing.

 

 

Developmental dysgraphia

 

refers to difficulties in acquiring writing skills. This type of dysgraphia is most ordinarily considered in childhood. The causes of developmental dysgraphia are unknown, but researchers have identified several subtypes4 that correspond to certain neurological mechanisms:

 

 

Motor dysgraphia

 

Lack of fine-motor coordination and beholding have long been tied to dysgraphia and should explain difficulties with producing transcription. Individuals with motor dysgraphia typically exhibit illegible and slow handwriting, poor drawing and tracing skills, and slow finger-tapping (a common measure of fine motor skills).

 

 

Spatial dysgraphia

 

Is probably going associated with problems of spatial perception, which affects letter spacing and drawing ability. Students and children with spatial dysgraphia struggle with handwriting and drawing, however spelling and finger-tapping speed are typically normal.

 

 

Linguistic Dysgraphia

 

Impacts the language processing skills required in the writing process. It most strongly affects spontaneously written text (which hasn’t been traced or copied), which is often illegible. Drawing, copying, and oral spelling aren’t suffering from linguistic dysgraphia.

Writing Disorders/Dysgraphia, Themba Tutors

Dysgraphia Diagnosis

 

The team can use a variety of tools to determine a diagnosis, including:

 

  • School reports
  • Psychoeducational measures
  • Review of the individual’s developmental, medical, and familial history
  • Standardized writing assessments
  • General tests for dysgraphia typically include a writing component
  • Answering brief essay questions or copying out sentences
  • As well as a fine-motor component that tests the individual’s reflexes and motor speed.

 

The diagnosing specialist works to urge a way of both the standard of the writing — how well does the patient organize thoughts and convey ideas — and therefore the physical act of writing itself. Does writing hurt? Are letters formed correctly?

What are the Strategies in Coaching and Tutoring Students with Dygraphia?

  • Think outside the pencil box. Learning to write is challenging for students with dysgraphia. Tutors and coaches need to employ some creative methods. You can try to experiment with different types of paper and writing utensils(graph paper can be especially helpful) and encourage extra practice at home. Studies have shown that with practice and effort, handwriting can improve drastically, though it may be challenging for students with dysgraphia.

 

  • Make writing count. Most of the time, students who are suffering from dysgraphia often know the answer/information but have trouble putting it in words/writing, consider whether a written assignment is really the best way to assess their knowledge. When possible, allow them to complete tasks orally. Coaches and tutors should provide typed copies of notes in advance or allow them to use a recording device during learning sessions.

 

  • Give extra time. As with most students with learning disorders, sometimes they just need some extra time. Allow them to begin early, finish late at a pace that’s comfortable for them.

 

  • Be flexible with grammar and spelling.

 

  • Teach good composition skills. Coaches and tutors need to teach students to learn how to properly plan and execute a writing assignment, whether short or long. These skills can be challenging to students with dysgraphia, so you need to make sure those steps are very clear for them before students begin.

Themba Tutors Offers  Dysgraphia Coaching And Tutoring Services

  • We specialized in coaching and tutoring students with dysgraphia
  • Private 1-on-1 tutoring and coaching
  • One-on-one In-home tutors and coaches for students with dysgraphia and other learning disabilities
  • Online tutoring and coaching for children and students
  • Our learning specialists can tutor and coach children and students of all ages elementary school, middle school, high school, and college students and including adults!

Subjects We Can Cover For Students With Dysgraphia

Dysgraphia Treatment

 

Dysgraphia and other learning disorders are lifelong conditions that have no cure. Treatment for dysgraphia focuses on interventions, accommodations, and special services to circumvent writing-related tasks and/or improve writing abilities. Given the nature of dysgraphia, attempts at remediation and “more practice” alone are not enough – accommodations and other modifications are necessary to successfully manage the condition.

 

We recommend adapted typing techniques and software/Apps etc to support students with their written work in math, science, and other subjects. Students can print out their work and turn it in.

A few examples include:

 

 

How can Themba help you?

 

At Themba Tutors, we will help elementary, middle, and high school students to find out the difficulties they are facing. We will provide them with tools and help them learn the necessary skills to overcome all the challenges they are facing in order to learn effectively. Our Dysgraphia tutoring and coaching programs can be customized for all grades and skill levels.

 

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HELPFUL VIDEOS

 

What is Dysgraphia

In this video, you will learn about Dysgraphia test, symptoms, treatment, types, and examples.

 

Dysgraphia (Medical Condition)

In this video, you will learn about Dysgraphia and ADHD, special dysgraphia, treatment, test, symptoms, and examples.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

What are some symptoms of Dysgraphia?
  • Incorrect capitalization & spelling
  • Mix of print letters & cursive
  • Inappropriate spacing of letters & sizing
  • Having a hard time copying words
  • Labored or slow writing
  • Trouble visualizing words before writing them
  • Unusual position of body or hand when writing
  • Holding a pen or pencil very tight resulting in hand cramps
  • Watching your hand whenever you are writing
  • Students saying words aloud while writing
  • Omitting words and letters from sentences
What is Dysgraphia?

Dysgraphia is a learning disability that affects writing abilities and can include difficulties with spelling, poor handwriting, and trouble putting thoughts on paper. Because writing requires a complex set of motor, cognitive, and language processing skills, it’s a complex learning disability.

Is dysgraphia a form of dyslexia?
  • Dyslexia and dysgraphia are both learning differences but are very different. Dyslexia is a reading disorder. Dysgraphia is a writing disorder.
Can dysgraphia be cured?

Dysgraphia cannot be cured, and even medication will not help. But challenges with writing and fine motor skills can be improved with proper training, tutoring, and coaching.

Writing Disorders/Dysgraphia, Themba Tutors

At Themba Tutors, we will let you know what kind of help you need once we set up a free intake. Knowing the student’s strengths and weaknesses is vital for helping the student with the challenges they’re facing. We offer services that include academic coaching and tutoring based on the student’s needs. We also offer a hybrid model for those students who need help with content and improving their underlying study skills. 

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Writing Disorders/Dysgraphia, Themba Tutors

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